13.5 million people could fall into poverty according to the World Bank

AA / Bamako / Amarana Maiga

“The Gross Domestic Product of the Sahelian countries could decrease by 7 to 12% by 2050. Such a drop implies that up to 13.5 million additional people could fall into poverty across the sub-region”, estimated Monday, the World Bank Group for the G5 Sahel countries (Bukina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad).

In its press release, the World Bank Group for the G5-Sahel countries explains this situation by “shocks linked to climate change if investments in adaptation are not launched urgently”.

“The Sahel is particularly vulnerable to land degradation and desertification. The region is indeed facing a severe increase in droughts, floods, and other impacts caused by climate change,” the same source said.

And to add: “Three of the G5 countries, Niger, Mali and Chad, are among the seven countries most vulnerable to climate change in the world. With an expected increase in temperatures 1.5 times higher than the global average, the countries of the Sahel are reaching the limits of their adaptive capacities”.

However, Ousmane Diagana, Vice-President of the World Bank for West and Central Africa points out that “climate change is severely affecting populations and calling into question hard-won development gains. The analysis indicates that climate change reinforces cycles of poverty, fragility, and vulnerability in the Sahel”.

“With a population set to double over the next 20 years to 160 million people, countries in the Sahel must prioritize climate adaptation while accelerating growth if they are to realize the demographic dividend and put the region on the right track. sustainable and inclusive growth,” he continues.

According to the report, “the combined emissions of the G5 Sahel countries do not exceed 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions”, explaining that “these five countries are committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. , at COP 26 in Glasgow, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Chad made a commitment to halt and reverse deforestation and land degradation by 2030”.

For her part, Clara de Sousa, Director of World Bank Operations for Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Chad, says that “there are real opportunities to develop a resilient and low-carbon Sahel”.

“This report provides a roadmap to help countries accelerate reforms and investments to diversify their economies and make them more resilient and inclusive. It offers approaches to re-greening them by restoring degraded lands and boosting economic opportunities for communities, through programs such as the Great Green Wall initiative,” he concluded.

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