Here is the new TGV that Alstom and the SNCF are preparing for you

Sound brass bands, beat drums… Under lively music, but also under intermittent rain, the SNCF and the French manufacturer Alstom presented on September 9 the first assembled pre-series train of the next TGV (the fifth generation since 1981) which will begin to join the railway company’s fleet of high-speed trains from the end of 2024. Deliveries should be progressive until 2032.

The train, white because not yet covered with the film in the colors of the SNCF, came out of a hangar, pushed by a truck, on an Alstom site, near La Rochelle. It should begin its first tests in a few weeks on another site of the manufacturer in the Czech Republic.

An “armed arm” of the SNCF

The new train, baptized TGV M at the SNCF, “will be the strong arm of our development of high speed in France and Europe”, said the CEO of SNCF Voyageurs, Christophe Fanichet. A metaphor for war, because the railway company has made this TGV one of its main ammunition to win its bet to double the use of the railway in ten years and counter the expected arrival of competition in the high-speed segment. speed.

In fact, the newcomer will be able to carry 740 passengers in maximum configuration (more than 200 meters in length) or 20% more than the latest generation trains. This concept of configuration is essential because the TGV M can be adjusted according to needs. Modular in number of cars in a few hours (from seven to nine modules), but also in number of seats and even class.

The SNCF will thus be able to modify the interior configuration in a few hours to transform a car from first to second (or vice versa) or even add spaces for bicycles. “This will make it possible to adapt to all situations”, explained Arnaud Aymé, transport specialist at Sia Partners in the columns of The cross.In particular, to favor business travelers or, on the contrary, leisure travelers on a case-by-case basis. The SNCF also promises more comfort and more space or a high-performance wi-fi.

No more than 320 km/h

On the other hand, the TGV M will not run faster than its elders, reaching 320 km/h. The SNCF did not want a TGV that went faster because it would risk damaging the tracks more quickly, “ analyzed Arnaud Aymé according to which it was more important to make it more relevant to the railway economic model. By boarding more passengers, the fixed costs of a journey become cheaper. It should be remembered that two thirds of the TGV lines are not profitable.

But this future rail car is above all a model that comes at a good time, while energy sobriety and the cost of electricity have become essential data in the environmental and economic model of the SNCF. Thanks to its long flat nose which gives it an air of Shinkansen, the Japanese fast train, and to a braking energy recovery system, it is supposed to consume 20% less electricity at the same speed and also announces a ” carbon footprint” reduced by 30%. It is also 97% recyclable.

Its price remains. Even if it is announced lower by 20% than that of the last generation, the invoice for 115 copies amounts to 3.5 billion euros. If the schedule is respected, a third of the SNCF TGV fleet, currently 350 trains, will consist of this railway jewel at the end of deliveries.


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