“QUBS”: the new program for monitoring the biological quality of soils

“QUBS”: the new program for monitoring the biological quality of soils

Why to study the quality organic of the floors ?

The quality organic of one floor depends of the diversity and of abundance of the different organisms which make up. From the biggest to the smallest, these organisms contribute at of the functions paramount : production of biomass, recycling of the matter, storage of carbon, regulation cash pestsfiltration of the wateretc. The floors and their biodiversity to situate Thus to heart of the big challenges environmental current as the security eating or the struggle versus the change climatic. In spite of their role essentialthem floors suffer multiple pressures of origins various : pollution industrial, development urbanpractice agricultural intensive, changes climatic... The organisms from floor in are them raw victimsand of the during that the biodiversity is erodingthem floors lose their ability at to fill some of their functions. What about is it life of the floors who we surround, in our parks and gardensto the country as to the town ? Follow and document evolution of the state organic of the floors in these spaces, Phone is the challenge of QUBS. From from project of research Biodiversity of the floors urban and service ecosystem (ANR BISESsteering University Paul-Valery Montpellier 3 and INRAE), this observatory has benefited of experience of one first tool participatory on them invertebrates from floor, Gardenbiodiv, gate by the University of Lorraine and INRAE. For answer at the challenge of one followed national and massive, all them partners of QUBS have decided of put in common their expertise and their networks respective deployed in science framework participatory. Therebythem data harvested by the participants and attendees will allow a better Evaluation and understanding of the determinants of the quality organic of these floorsto wide scales spatial and temporal.

Some representatives of the soil fauna, from left to right: a woodlouse (Porcellio spinicornis), the greater cocklebur (Calosoma sycophanta), a myrmecophilous beetle (Dichillus sp), a seed-eating ant (Messor capitatus) attacked by a spider (Euryopis episinoides ).

Participate by discovering the fauna of the soil

Two soil fauna monitoring protocols are offered to participants: “Aspifaune” to characterize its diurnal activity and “Noctambules” its nocturnal activity. They will initially make it possible to collect data on the surface fauna. In order to monitor different aspects of the biological quality of soils, other protocols will complete the program. On the menu: measuring the abundance of earthworms and snails, for example, or evaluating the potential for degradation of soil organic matter.

“Aspifaune” and “Noctambules” are based on the collection of living specimens to be photographed and identified. One of the objectives of the program being to improve the general public’s knowledge of this fauna, special attention has been paid to facilitate its recognition: this is how the very first identification key, integrating more than 400 species or groups of species of soil fauna has been specially designed to accompany observers in their discovery.

More information about the program qubs.fr : All of Vigie-nature’s participatory science programs are on viginature.fr. Qubs is also on particitae.upmc.fr and Gardenbiodiv.
This program was funded by the National Research Agency (ANR BISES project Biodiversity of urban soils and ecosystem services) and by the Territory of Innovation project “Dijon Sustainable Food 2030”

Paul Valéry University – Sorbonne University – University of Lorraine – INRAE ​​- Plante & Cité