the key issue for electric vehicles

the key issue for electric vehicles

Limit the use of rare metals

Finally, one of the other challenges concerns the end of battery life and in particular its recyclingimportant point to lower the carbon footprint of an electric vehicle over its entire life cycle. The issue is reinforced by the recovery of rare metals whose mining causes environmental and social problems and impacts geopolitics. The European Commission is working in particular to define imposed rates of rare metals recycled in batteries with the aim of reaching 12% recycled cobalt, 4 lithium and nickel.

Reuse or repair batteries as much as possible

In addition, there are also initiatives and experimental projects to give a second life to used batteries in order to make the most of their capacity before recycling. One of the examples already being tested is stationary energy storage for the tertiary sector. However, we believe that this model, both economically and legally, will be difficult to implement.

Another solution to limit the volumes of batteries to be recycled would be to introduce battery repairability standards. In the case of electric bicycles and public scooters, for example, most of the causes of battery replacement are due to a mechanical breakage of its casing and not to real wear or degradation of its performance. Depending on the suppliers, it is often necessary to replace the entire battery and thus send a still efficient battery for recycling.

Develop a battery recycling industry

Finally, it also seems crucial to us to set up a real processing, recycling and rehabilitation of batteries from electric mobility in Europe. Indeed, this would allow the European market to reduce its dependence on the Asian market by producing locally and while limiting the import of rare materials. These productions could also be a solution to the problem of identifying battery suppliers encountered by green mobility SMEs.

We believe that it is necessary to further develop the recycling sector both in terms of processing capacity and the efficiency of recycling rates. Indeed, the European Commission will impose a lithium recycling rate of 35% by 2025 to tend to a rate of 70% by 2030. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the environmental impact of recycling as well as economic performance allow the viability of the sector if we wish to bet on 100% electric.